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Menu with fixed width.

save better font handling by operating systems. Usually, the italic and oblique fonts look exactly the same in web browsers.

Still, font-style can be useful. For example, it is a common typographic convention that a block quote should be italicized, but that any specially emphasized text within the quote should be upright. In order to employ this effect, shown in Figure 5-28, you would use these styles:

#left {


All templates are XHTML 1.0 and CSS2/ tableless.
3 columns layout grid. All colums are fixed and centered.
more nice and free css templates

html {
body {
background-color: #e1ddd9;
font-size: 12px;
#box {
margin: 0px auto;
#content {
overflow: auto;
#head {

of an element. Negative values are permitted, but caution is recommended.

margin-topIE4 P/P IE5 P/Y NN4 P/P Op3 Y/-

This sets the size of the top margin of an element. Negative values are permitted, but caution is recommended.


paddingIE4 P/P IE5 P/Y NN4 B/B Op3 B/-

This sets the size of the overall padding of an element. The padding will @import url(sheet2.css);H1 {color: maroon;}BODY {background: yellow;}--></STYLE>

This should cause older browsers to completely ignore not only theSTYLE tags but the declarations as well, becauseHTMLcomments are not displayed. Meanwhile, those browsers that understandCSS will still be able to read the style sheet. the image to be raised nine pixels, instead of some other number.Without a value for line-height, it wouldn'tbe possible to perform percentage-value vertical alignments. Theheight of the image itself has no relevance when it comes to verticalalignment: the value of line-height is all thatmatters. Adding box properties

No doubt you already know how this will work. We create anotherdivision, this one classed as main and enclosingeverything in the main part of the page that isn't thenavigation bar. Then we declare:

.main {margin-left: 1.5em;}

It seems like a reasonable amount of space, so we go with it. Wecheck the result in Figure 11-5, which is basedaround this skeleton markup:

Without units, it wouldn't be possible to declare that a paragraph should be purple, or that an image should have ten pixels of blank space around it, or that a heading should be a certain size. By understanding the concepts put forth here, you'll be able to learn and use the rest of CSS much more quickly.

However, that's the good news. The bad news is that this chapter will contain a good many caveats, warnings, and discussions of browser bugs and inconsistencies between operating systems. Remember, though, that CSS is not supposed to be a totally precise